Effects of Alcohol on Energy Metabolism and Body Weight Regulation: Is Alcohol a Risk Factor for Obesity?


University Hospital Medical Polyclinic, Ramistrasse 100, CH-8091 Zurich, Switzerland.


Some studies have suggested that drinking in moderation may be beneficial for health, but many of these studies do not address body weight. Evidence suggests that consuming moderate amounts of alcohol is a risk factor for obesity, which is a risk factor for several adverse health outcomes. Recommendations regarding alcohol intake thus should take into account a variety of factors, including baseline body weight, location of body fat, and overall diet.