Dr. Thomas is Professor Emeritus, Department of Pharmacology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX.
Diet, Micronutrients, and the Prostate Gland
Article first published online: 27 APR 2009
© 1999 International Life Sciences Institute
Volume 57, Issue 4, pages 95–103, April 1999
How to Cite
Thomas, J. A. (1999), Diet, Micronutrients, and the Prostate Gland. Nutrition Reviews, 57: 95–103. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.1999.tb06932.x
- Issue published online: 27 APR 2009
- Article first published online: 27 APR 2009
Diseases of the prostate gland, particularly adenocarcinoma and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), are age-related. Prostate cancer is the most commonly occurring tumor in U.S. men. Differences in the incidence of this disease among ethnic populations are not due solely to genetic differences. Many efforts have been devoted to studying associations between nutrition and prostate cancer. The strongest association appears to be related to total fat intake and increased risk of this malignancy. Evidence also exists to suggest a role for certain micronutrients, such as zinc, selenium, vitamin E, lycopene, phytoestrogens, and phytosterols, although the role of nutrition and micronutrients in protection against prostate cancer is less convincing. Further research is necessary.