Oral Rehydration Solution Therapy in the Management of Children with Rotavirus Diarrhea



Rotavirus infections are the most common cause of gastroenteritis among children younger than 3 years of age and are associated with sporadic outbreaks of diarrhea in elderly and immunocompromised patients. Oral rehydration solutions (ORS) are formulated to correct dehydration and acidosis. Currently, ORS do not promote intestinal healing; however, investigators are examining the role of nutrition in promoting intestinal healing. This article reviews the composition of several ORS in human medicine and summarizes our current knowledge of the nutritional treatment of rotavirus diarrhea and intestinal healing.