Is There an Association Between Sweetened Beverages and Adiposity?
Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
Volume 64, Issue 4, pages 153–174, April 2006
How to Cite
Bachman, C. M., Baranowski, T. and Nicklas, T. A. (2006), Is There an Association Between Sweetened Beverages and Adiposity?. Nutrition Reviews, 64: 153–174. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2006.tb00199.x
- Issue published online: 28 JUN 2008
- Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
- caloric intake;
- glycemic index;
- liquid foods and satiety;
- milk displacement;
- sweetened beverages
Four mechanisms were reviewed to explain the possible association between sweetened beverages and increased overweight or obesity: excess caloric intake, glycemic index and glycemic load, lack of effect of liquid calories on satiety, and displacement of milk. The findings were inconsistent across studies. The strongest support was for the excess caloric intake hypothesis, but the findings were not conclusive. Assigning possible links between sweetened beverage consumption and adiposity requires research that compares and contrasts specific mechanisms, especially in populations at risk for obesity, while controlling for likely confounding variables.