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Keywords:

  • interaction;
  • iron;
  • micronutrients;
  • vitamin A

Iron deficiency seems to deteriorate vitamin A metabolism leading to a reduction in serum retinol and an increase in hepatic retinol and retinyl ester. These alterations probably result from an increase in retinol sequestration to the liver and/or impairment in the activity of hepatic retinyl ester hydrolases decreasing vitamin A mobilization.