A primer for brain imaging: a tool for evidence-based studies of nutrition?
Article first published online: 14 OCT 2010
© 2010 ILSI Europe
Special Issue: Proceedings of a workshop organized by the Nutrition and Mental Performance Task Force of the International Life Sciences Institute Europe
Volume 68, Issue Supplement s1, pages S29–S37, November 2010
How to Cite
Paus, T. (2010), A primer for brain imaging: a tool for evidence-based studies of nutrition?. Nutrition Reviews, 68: S29–S37. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2010.00327.x
- Issue published online: 14 OCT 2010
- Article first published online: 14 OCT 2010
- brain development;
- magnetic resonance imaging;
Nutrition affects brain structure and function throughout life. Nutritional scientists and practitioners are interested in gathering evidence clarifying which of the micro- or macronutrients may affect particular aspects of brain functioning at a given period of the life cycle and in identifying possible brain mechanisms underlying such effects. This article provides a primer on brain imaging techniques suitable for the assessment of the structure and function of the human brain, focusing on noninvasive techniques such as structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging, electroencephalography, and magnetoencephalography. The article concludes with a few suggestions regarding the choice of a particular imaging tool in observational studies and randomized controlled trials investigating nutritional effects on the human brain.