Evaluation of meat as a first complementary food for breastfed infants: impact on iron intake


KM Hambidge, University of Colorado Denver, 12700 E 19th Avenue, Box C225, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. E-mail: Michael.Hambidge@ucdenver.edu, Phone: +1-303-724-3261, Fax: +1-303-724-3206.


The rationale for promoting the availability of local, affordable, non-fortified food sources of bioavailable iron in developing countries is considered in this review. Intake of iron from the regular consumption of meat from the age of 6 months is evaluated with respect to physiological requirements. Two major randomized controlled trials evaluating meat as a first and regular complementary food are described in this article. These trials are presently in progress in poor communities in Guatemala, Pakistan, Zambia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and China.