A descriptive study of kava use among Tongan men in Macarthur, Sydney South West
Article first published online: 6 AUG 2008
© 2008 The Authors. Journal Compilation © 2008 Public Health Association of Australia
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Volume 32, Issue 4, pages 314–316, August 2008
How to Cite
Maneze, D., Speizer, A., Dalton, N. and Dennis, S. (2008), A descriptive study of kava use among Tongan men in Macarthur, Sydney South West. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 32: 314–316. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-6405.2008.00246.x
- Issue published online: 6 AUG 2008
- Article first published online: 6 AUG 2008
- Submitted: December 2007 Revision Requested: April 2008 Accepted: June 2008
- data collection
Objective: To describe the pattern of kava use among Tongan men in Macarthur.
Methods: A kava use survey of Tongan men was conducted between May and October 2006.
Results: Seventy-three Tongan men aged over 18 completed the survey, 90% drank kava regularly at least twice a week with 20 or more cups per session. During the kava sessions the men also reported smoking (26%), drinking alcohol (15%) and consuming foods with high fat or sugar content (29%). Feelings of euphoria were reported during session with alcohol-like hang-over effects the next day. Socialisation was the main reason given for drinking kava.
Conclusions: Kava is consumed regularly and in large quantities by Tongan men in Macarthur. They also consume fatty or sugary foods during the sessions and the smoking rate is high.
Implications: There is a need to reduce smoking and promote the consumption of healthier foods during kava sessions.