• 1
    Lemert EM. The secular use of kava with special reference to Tonga. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol.1967;28: 328.
  • 2
    Bone K. Kava: a safe herbal treatment for anxiety. British Journal of Phytotherapy. 1994;3(4):14553.
  • 3
    Lebot V, Merlin M, Linstrom L. Kava the Pacific Drug. New Haven ( CT ) : Yale University Press; 1992. p. 10.
  • 4
    Murray M. The Healing Power of Herbs. Rocklin ( CA ) : Prima Publishing; 1995.
  • 5
    Tesche R, Gaus W, Loew D. Kava extract: safety and risks including rare hepatotoxicity. Phytomedicine. 2003;10: 4406.
  • 6
    Cawte J. Parameters of kava used as a challenge to alcohol. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 1986;20: 706.
  • 7
    Mathews J, Riley M, Fejo L, et al. Effect of heavy usage of kava on physical health: summary of a pilot survey in an Aboriginal community. Med J Aust. 1988;148: 54555.
  • 8
    Clough A, Burns C, Munungggurr N. Kava in Arnhem Land: a review of consumption and its social correlates. Drug Alcohol Rev. 2000;19: 3, 31928.
  • 9
    Clough A. Enough! or too much. What is “excessive’ kava use in Arnhem Land? Drug Alcohol Rev. 2003;22(1): 4351.
  • 10
    D'Abbs P. A Review of Kava Control Measures in the Northern Territory. Darwin ( AUST ) : Menzies School of Health; 1993.
  • 11
    Finau S, Stanhope J, Prior I. Kava, alcohol, and tobacco consumption among Tongans with urbanization. Soc Sci Med. 1982;16: 3541.
  • 12
    Prescott J, Jamieson D, Emdur N, Duffield P. Acute effects of kava on measures of cognitive performance, physiological functions and mood. Drug Alcohol Rev. 1993;12: 4958.