Child abuse and neglect — is it time for a public health approach?
Article first published online: 6 AUG 2008
© 2008 The Authors. Journal Compilation © 2008 Public Health Association of Australia
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Volume 32, Issue 4, pages 325–330, August 2008
How to Cite
O'Donnell, M., Scott, D. and Stanley, F. (2008), Child abuse and neglect — is it time for a public health approach?. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 32: 325–330. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-6405.2008.00249.x
- Issue published online: 6 AUG 2008
- Article first published online: 6 AUG 2008
- Submitted: August 2007 Revision Requested: December 2007 Accepted: April 2008
Australia is seeing an unprecedented increase in the rate of child protection notifications and children being taken into care. The burden of such high levels of notifications and removals impact not only the children and families but also the system which is trying to resource them. The concern is that these increases are unsustainable and overloaded child protection systems can be dangerous for the vulnerable families and children they are trying to protect and support.
This paper hopes to raise some alternative thinking as to the overall approaches to child abuse and neglect with a greater focus on prevention. Is it time to consider a public health approach, using population-based measures of child abuse and neglect to accurately describe the epidemiology of population risk and protective factors? Should we investigate the potential of universal health, welfare and education services as platforms for prevention? And should we investigate whether the provision of secondary prevention for vulnerable families which address major contributing factors, such as parental substance dependence and mental health issues are effective in reducing abuse of children in these families?