The maltreatment syndrome in children: a hospital study. Med J Aust. 1966;2: 1134–8.
Neglected babies: a study of 289 babies admitted consecutively to a reception centre. Med J Aust. 1966;2: 1129–33.
The battered-child syndrome. JAMA. 1962;181: 17–24.
, , , , .
Confronting Cruelty: Historical Perspectives on Child Protection in Australia. Melbourne ( AUST ) : Melbourne University Press; 2002. ,
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Child Protection Australia 2004-05. Canberra ( AUST ) : AIHW; 2006.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Child Protection Australia 2005-06. Canberra ( AUST ) : AIHW; 2007.
Department for Education and Skills. Statistics for Education: Referrals, Assessments and Children and Young People on Child Protection Registers: Year Ending 31 March 2005. Norwich ( UK ) : Her Majesty's Stationery Office; 2006.
Administration on Children, Youth and Families, US Department of Health and Human Services. Child Maltreatment 2005. Washington ( DC ) : US Government Printing Office; 2007.
Department of Human Services. An Integrated Strategy For Child Protection And Placement Services. Melbourne ( AUST ) : State Government of Victoria; 2002.
The Allen Consulting Group. Protecting Children: The Child Protection Outcomes Project. Melbourne ( AUST ) : The Group; 2003.
PartonN, editor. Child Protection and Family Support: Tensions, Contradictions and Possibilities. New York ( NY ) : Routledge; 1997.
US Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect. Child Abuse and Neglect: Critical First Steps in Response to a National Emergency. Washington ( DC ) : US Government Printing Office; 1990.
The impact of foster care on development. Dev Psychopathol. 2006;18: 57–76.
, , .
Child Protection and Child Outcomes: Measuring the Effects of Foster Care. Am Econ Rev. In Press 2007. .
Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision Report on Government Services 2007. Canberra ( AUST ) : Productivity Commission; 2007.
Report into the Cost of Child Abuse and Neglect in Australia. Brisbane ( AUST ) : Kids First Foundation; 2003.
National Commission of Inquiry into the Prevention of Child Abuse. Childhood Matters: Report of the National Commission of Enquiry into the Prevention of Child Abuse. London ( UK ) : National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children; 1996.
Prevent Child Abuse New York The Costs of Child Abuse and the Urgent Need for Prevention. New York ( NY ) : Prevent Child Abuse New York; 2003.
Australian Institute of Health andWelfare Comparability of Child Protection Data. Canberra ( AUST ) : AIHW; 1999.
World Health Organization First Meeting on Strategies for Child Protection. Copenhagen ( DNK ) : World Health Organisation: 1999.
Community level factors and child maltreatment rates. Child Dev. 1995;66: 1262–76.
, , , .
et al. The Western Australian Aboriginal Child Health Survey: Strengthening the Capacity of Aboriginal Children, Families and Communities. Perth ( AUST ) : Curtin University of Technology and Telethon Institute for Child Health Research; 2006. , , ,
Risk factors for child physical abuse. Aggression and Violent Behaviour. 2001;6: 121–88.
, , .
Alcohol and Drug Disorders among Physically Abusive and Neglectful Parents in a Community-Based Sample. Am J Public Health. 1994;84(10):1586–90.
, , , .
Child maltreatment in the “Children of the Nineties”: A longitudinal study of parental risk factors. Child Abuse Negl. 2001;25(9): 1177–200.
Social network characteristics of mothers in abusing and nonabusing families and their relationships to parenting beliefs. Journal of Community Psychology. 1990;18(1):44–59.
, , .
Maltreatment and Disabilties: A Population-based Epidemiological Study. Child Abuse Negl. 2000;24(10):1257–73.
National Research Council Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect. Washington ( DC ) : National Academy Press; 1993.
Child Health and Maltreatment. Child Dev. 1984;55: 1174–83.
, , , .
Factors that contribute to child maltreatment severity: a multi-method and multidimensional investigation. Child Abuse Negl 2005;29: 335–50.
, , .
Australian Bureau of Statistics Census of Population and Housing. Canberra ( AUST ) : Commonwealth of Australia; 2001.
Australian Bureau of Statistics Year Book Australia, 2005. Canberra ( AUST ) : Commonwealth of Australia; 2005.
Financial Disadvantage in Australia 1990 to 2000, The Persistence of Poverty in a Decade of Growth. Sydney ( AUST ) : The Smith Family; 2001. , , .
Australian Bureau of Statistics Australian Year Book, 2007. Canberra ( AUST ) : Commonwealth of Australia; 2007.
Australian Bureau of Statistics National Health Survey, 2004-05. Canberra ( AUST ) : Commonwealth of Australia; 2006.
National Research Council USA From Neurons to Neighbourhoods: The Science of Early Childhood Development. Washington ( DC ) : National Academy Press; 2000.
Triple p-positive parenting program: towards and empirically validated multilevel parenting and family support strategy for the prevention of behaviour and emotional problems in children. Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev. 1999;2(2):71–90.
Developmental Crime Prevention Consortium Pathways to Prevention: Developmental and Early Intervention Approaches to Crime in Australia. Canberra ( AUST ) : AGPS; 1999.
Chief Secretary to the Treasury Every Child Matters. Norwich ( UK ) : Stationary Office; 2003 September.
et al. Long-term effects of home visitation on maternal life course, child abuse and neglect and children's arrests: fifteen year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 1998;278(8):637–43.
, , ,
et al. Next Steps in the Provincial Evaluation of the Baby First Program: Measuring Early Impacts on the Outcomes Associated with Child Maltreatment. Winnipeg ( CAN ) : Manitoba Centre for Health Policy; 2007. , , , , , ,
Reaching vulnerable populations: a framework for primary service role expansion. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 1992;62(3):332–41.
Mind the Gap: The National Illicit Drug Strategy Project to Improve Support for Children from Families where there are Mental Illness and Substance Abuse Issues. Sydney ( AUST ) : Mental Health Coordinating Council and Department for Community Services; 2004.
United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. New York ( NY ) : United Nations; 1989.
Modified from a diagram by Morrison, T. (2006). Presentation to the Department for Community Development ‘What does it take to improve inter-agency responses to concerns for the wellbeing of children?’ Western Australia.
Modified from The Allen Consulting Group Diagram p83 which was based on the enforcement pyramid in Ayres and Braithwaite, Responsive Regulation: Transcending the Deregulation Debate, Oxford University Press, New York , 1992, p39.