Improving survival disparities in cervical cancer between Māori and non-Māori women in New Zealand: a national retrospective cohort study
Version of Record online: 8 APR 2010
© 2010 The Authors. Journal Compilation © 2010 Public Health Association of Australia
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Volume 34, Issue 2, pages 193–199, April 2010
How to Cite
McLeod, M., Harris, R., Purdie, G., Cormack, D., Robson, B., Sykes, P., Crengle, S., Iupati, D. and Walker, N. (2010), Improving survival disparities in cervical cancer between Māori and non-Māori women in New Zealand: a national retrospective cohort study. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 34: 193–199. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-6405.2010.00506.x
- Issue online: 8 APR 2010
- Version of Record online: 8 APR 2010
- Submitted: February 2009 Revision requested: June 2009 Accepted: September 2009
- Cervix neoplasms;
- cervical cancer;
- survival analyses;
Objective: Māori women in New Zealand have higher incidence of and mortality from cervical cancer than non-Māori women, however limited research has examined differences in treatment and survival between these groups. This study aims to determine if ethnic disparities in treatment and survival exist among a cohort of Māori and non-Māori women with cervical cancer.
Methods: A retrospective cohort study of 1911 women (344 Māori and 1567 non-Māori) identified from the New Zealand Cancer Register with cervical cancer (adenocarcinoma, adenosquamous or squamous cell carcinoma) between 1 January 1996 and 31 December 2006.
Results: Māori women with cervical cancer had a higher receipt of total hysterectomies, and similar receipt of radical hysterectomies and brachytherapy as primary treatment, compared to non-Māori women (age and stage adjusted). Over the cohort period, Māori women had poorer cancer specific survival than non-Māori women (mortality hazard ratio (HR) 2.07, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.63–2.62). From 1996 to 2005, the survival for Māori improved significantly relative to non-Māori.
Conclusion: Māori continue to have higher incidence and mortality than non-Māori from cervical cancer although disparities are improving. Survival disparities are also improving. Treatment (as measured) by ethnicity is similar.
Implications: Primary prevention and early detection remain key interventions for addressing Māori needs and reducing inequalities in cervical cancer in New Zealand.