Changing associations of Australian parents' physical activity with their children's sport participation: 1985 to 2004
Article first published online: 25 NOV 2010
© 2010 The Authors. ANZJPH © 2010 Public Health Association of Australia
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Volume 34, Issue 6, pages 578–582, December 2010
How to Cite
Dollman, J. (2010), Changing associations of Australian parents' physical activity with their children's sport participation: 1985 to 2004. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 34: 578–582. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-6405.2010.00617.x
- Issue published online: 7 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 25 NOV 2010
- Submitted: November 2009, Revision requested: March 2010, Accepted: April 2010
- physical activity;
- role modelling;
Objective: The socio-ecological milieu of children's physical activity is changing, perhaps causing perturbations within the causal ‘web’ that explains physical activity behaviours. It is unclear if the relative importance of parental role modelling is changing. Accordingly, this study examined associations of child-perceived parent physical activity and children's sport participation in 1985 and 2004.
Methods: In 1985 (179 girls, 211 boys) and 2004 (210 girls, 218 boys), Australian schoolchildren (9–15 years) in the same eight schools were surveyed on sport participation and perceptions of parents’ physical activity.
Results: In the 1985 sample, girls with active fathers played more sport. In 2004, boys and girls with active fathers or active mothers reported higher sport participation. In 1985, there were no differences in sport participation between those with both, either or neither parent active. In 2004, sport participation was highest among boys and girls with both parents active.
Conclusions: These results underscore the current role of parents as socialising agents for physical activity.
Implications: Intervention design should be founded on the most recent evidence of children's physical activity correlates.