• 1
    Australian Bureau of Statistics. 3302.0.55.003 – Experimental Life Tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders Australians, 2005–2007. Canberra ( AUST ) : ABS; 2009.
  • 2
    Hoy W. Closing the gap by 2030: aspiration versus reality in Indigenous health. Med J Aust. 2009;190(10):5424.
  • 3
    Busfield F, Duffy D, Kesting J, Walker S, Lovelock P, Good D, et al. A Genomewide Search for Type 2 Diabetes-Susceptibility Genes in Indigenous Australians. Am J Hum Genet. 2002;70(2):34957.
  • 4
    Shephard M, Barbara J, Brown M, Paizis K, Allen G, Barratt L, et al. Albuminuria in a remote South Australian Aboriginal community: results of a community-based screening program for renal disease. Rural Remote Health 3 [serial online] 2003 Feb;156:110 [cited 2006 Aug 3]. Available from:
  • 5
    Cunningham J, Condon J. Premature mortality in Aboriginal adults in the Northern Territory, 1979–1991. Med J Aust. 1996;165(6):30912.
  • 6
    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner. Social Justice Report 2005. Sydney ( AUST ) : Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission; 2005. Report No.: 3/2005.
  • 7
    Australian Human Rights Commission. Close the Gap Indigenous Health Equality Summit. [statement of Intent on the Internet]. Canberra ( AUST ) : Commonwealth of Australia; 2008 March 20 [cited 2009 Jan 28]. Available from:
  • 8
    Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Diabetes: Australian Facts 2002. Canberra ( AUST ) : AIHW; 2002. Catalogue No.: CVD 20.
  • 9
    Brandle M, Zhou H, Smith B, Marriott D, Burke R, Tabaei B. The Direct Medical Cost of Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2003;26(8):23004.
  • 10
    Australian Bureau of Statistics. 4 715.0 – National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey, Australia 2004–05. Canberra ( AUST ) : ABS; 2006.
  • 11
    National Aboriginal Health Strategy Working Party. A National Aboriginal Health Strategy. Canberra ( AUST ) : AGPS; 1989.
  • 12
    National Health and Medical Research Council. Values and Ethics: Guidelines for Ethical Conduct in Aboriginial and Torres Strait Islander Health Research. Canberra ( AUST ) : Commonwealth of Australia; 2003.
  • 13
    Tsey K. Aboriginal self-determination, education and health: Towards a radical change in attitudes to education. Aust N Z J Public Health. 1997;21(1):7783.
  • 14
    Hetzel B. Historical perspectives on indigenous health in Australia. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2000;9(3):15763.
  • 15
    Australian Bureau of Statistics. 4713.0 – Population Characteristics, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2006. Canberra ( AUST ) : ABS; 2008.
  • 16
    Britt H, Miller G, Charles J, Henderson J, Bayram C, Harrison C, et al. General Practice Activity in Australia 2007–08. Canberra ( AUST ) : AIHW; 2008. Catalogue No.: GEP 22.
  • 17
    Boffa J. Cancer care for Indigenous Australians [editorial]. Med J Aust. 2008;188(10):5601.
  • 18
    Australian Bureau of Statistics. 4704.0 – The Health and Welfare of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples. Canberra ( AUST ) : ABS; 2008.
  • 19
    Hamrosi K, Taylor S, Aslani P. Issues with prescribed medications in Aboriginal communities: Aboriginal health workers’ perspectives. Rural Remote Health. 2006;6(2):557.
  • 20
    McGrath P, Holewa H, Kail-Buckley S. “They should come out here…”: Research findings on lack of local palliative care services for Australian aboriginal people. American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine. 2007;24(2):105.
  • 21
    McGrath P. ‘I don't want to be in that big city; this is my country here’: research findings on Aboriginal peoples’ preference to die at home. Aust J Rural Health. 2007;15(4):2648.
  • 22
    Kendall E, Marshall C. Factors That Prevent Equitable Access to Rehabilitation for Aboriginal Australians With Disabilities: The Need for Culturally Safe Rehabilitation. Rehabil Psychol. 2004;49(1):5.
  • 23
    Stoneman J, Taylor S. Improving access to medicines in urban, regional and rural Aboriginal communities – is expansion of Section 100 the answer? [commentary]. Rural Remote Health [serial online] 2007;7(738):19 [cited 2008 Oct 13]. Available from:
  • 24
    Adelson N. The embodiment of inequity: health disparities in Aboriginal Canada. Can J Public Health. 2005;96:S4561.
  • 25
    McDermott R, Tulip F, Sinha A. Sustaining better diabetes care in remote indigenous Australian communities. Qual Saf Health Care. 2004;13(4):2958.
  • 26
    Standing Committee on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Working Party. Cultural Respect Framework for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health, 2004 – 2009. Canberra ( AUST ) : Indigenous Studies Program, University of Melbourne; 2004.
  • 27
    MacAullay D, Sibthorpe B, Knuiman M. Evaluation of new diabetes screening method at Derbarl Yerrigan Health Services. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2004;28(1):436.
  • 28
    Penchansky R, Thomas J. The concept of access: definition and relationship to consumer satisfaction. Med Care. 1981;19(2):12740.
  • 29
    Bodenheimer T, Wagner E, Grumbach K. Improving primary care for patients with chronic illness. JAMA. 2002;288(14):17759.
  • 30
    Bodenheimer T, Wagner E, Grumbach K. Improving primary care for patients with chronic illness: the chronic care model, part 2. JAMA. 2002;288(15):190914.
  • 31
    Wagner E. Chronic disease management: What will it take to improve care for chronic illness? Eff Clin Pract. 1998;1(1):24.
  • 32
    Wagner E, Austin B, Davis C, Hindmarsh M, Schaefer J, Bonomi A. Improving Chronic Illness Care: Translating Evidence Into Action. Health Aff. 2001;20(6):6478.
  • 33
    Coffin J. Embedding Cultural Security in Bullying Prevention Research. Journal of Community Engaged Research and Learning Partnerships. 2008;1(1):6681.
  • 34
    Johnstone M, Kanitsaki O. An exploration of the notion and nature of the construct of cultural safety and its applicability to the Australian health care context. J Transcult Nurs. 2007;18(3):247.
  • 35
    Coffin J, Drysdale M, Hermeston W, Sherwood J, Edwards T. Ways forward in Indigenous health. Chapter 10. In: LiawS, KilpatrickS, editors. A Textbook of Australian Rural Health. Canberra ( AUST ) : Australian Rural Health Education Network; 2008.
  • 36
    National Health and Medical Research Council. Cultural Competency in Health: A Guide for Policy, Partnerships and Participation: 9 December 2005. Canberra ( AUST ) : Commonwealth of Australia; 2006.
  • 37
    Brown A, Morrissey M, Sherwood J. Uncovering the determinants of cardiovascular disease among Indigenous people. Ethn Health. 2006;11(2):191210.
  • 38
    MacMillan H, MacMillan A, Offord D, Dingle J. Aboriginal health. Can Med Assoc J. 1996;155(11):156978.
  • 39
    Couzos S, Lea T, Murray R, Culbong M. ‘We are not just participants – We are in charge’: The NACCHO ear trial and the process for Aboriginal community-controlled health research. Ethn Health. 2005;10(2):91111.
  • 40
    Thompson S, Gifford S. Trying to keep a balance: the meaning of health and diabetes in an urban Aboriginal community. Soc Sci Med. 2000;51(10):145772.
  • 41
    Rowley K, Daniel M, Skinner K, Skinner M, White G, O'Dea K. Effectiveness of a community-directed ‘healthy lifestyle’ program in a remote Australian Aboriginal community. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2000;24(2):13644.
  • 42
    Rowley K, Su Q, Cincotta M, Skinner M, Skinner K, Pindan B, et al. Improvements in circulating cholesterol, antioxidants, and homocysteine after dietary intervention in an Australian Aboriginal community. Am J Clin Nutr. 2001;74(4):4428.
  • 43
    Hoy W, Baker P, Kelly A, Wang Z. Reducing premature death acid renal failure in Australian Aboriginals – A community-based cardiovascular and renal protective program. Med J Aust. 2000;172(10):4738.
  • 44
    Hoy W, Wang Z, Baker P, Kelly A. Reduction in natural death and renal failure from a systematic screening and treatment program in an Australian Aboriginal community. Kidney Int. 2003;63:6673.
  • 45
    Baker P, Hoy W, Thomas R. Cost-effectiveness analysis of a kidney and cardiovascular disease treatment program in an Australian aboriginal population. Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2005;12(1):2231.
  • 46
    Bailie R, Si D, Dowden M, O'donoghue L, Connors C, Robinson G, et al. Improving organisational systems for diabetes care in Australian Indigenous communities. BMC Health Serv Res. 2007;7(1):67.
  • 47
    Bailie R, Si D, O'donoghue L, Dowden M. Indigenous health: effective and sustainable health services through continuous quality improvement. Med J Aust. 2007;186(10):5257.
  • 48
    Glassgow RE, Emmons KM. How Can We Increase Translation of Research into Practice? Types of Evidence Needed. Annu Rev Public Health. 2007;28(1):41333.
  • 49
    Murray R, Metcalf S, Lewis P, Mein J, McAllister I. Sustaining remote-area programs: retinal camera use by Aboriginal health workers and nurses in a Kimberley partnership. Med J Aust. 2005;182(10):5203.
  • 50
    Katz I, Hoy W, Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan S, Gerntholtz T, Scheppingen J, Sharma S, et al. Chronic kidney disease management – What can we learn from South African and Australian efforts? Blood Purif. 2006;24(1):11522.
  • 51
    Bailie R, Togni S, Si D, Robinson G, d'Abbs P. Preventive medical care in remote Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory: a follow-up study of the impact of clinical guidelines, computerised recall and reminder systems, and audit and feedback. BMC Health Serv Res. 2003;3(15).
  • 52
    Bailie R, Si D, Robinson G, Togni S, D'Abbs P. A multifaceted health-service intervention in remote Aboriginal communities: 3-year follow-up of the impact on diabetes care. Med J Aust. 2004;181:195200.
  • 53
    Wakerman J, Chalmers E, Humphreys J, Clarence C, Bell A, Larson A, et al. Sustainable chronic disease management in remote Australia. Med J Aust. 2005;183(10):S64S68.
  • 54
    Daniel M, Messer LC. Perceptions of disease severity and barriers to self-care predict glycemic control in aboriginal persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Chron Dis Can. 2002;23(4):1308.
  • 55
    Hoy W, Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan S, Scheppingen J, Sharma S, Katz I. A chronic disease outreach program for Aboriginal communities. Kidney Int. 2005;68:S76S82.
  • 56
    Bailie R. Clinical outcomes associated with changes in a chronic disease treatment program in an Australian Aboriginal community – Comment. Med J Aust. 2006;185(3):1801.
  • 57
    Gracey M, Bridge E, Martin D, Jones T, Spargo RM, Shephard M, et al. An Aboriginal-driven program to prevent, control and manage nutrition-related “lifestyle” diseases including diabetes. Asia Pacific J Clin Nutr. 2006;15(2):17888.
  • 58
    Hoy W, Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan S, Smith J, Sharma S, Davey R, Gokel G. Setting up chronic disease programs: perspectives from Aboriginal Australia. Ethn Dis. 2006;16(2 Suppl 2):738.
  • 59
    Ruben A, Fisher D. The casemix system of hospital funding can further disadvantage Aboriginal children. Med J Aust. 1998;169 Suppl:S610.
  • 60
    NorrisT, McIntyreP, MenziesR, editors. Role of GPs in adult Indigenous immunisation – a national survey. Proceedings of the 9th National Immunisation/1st PHAA Asia Pacific Vaccine Preventable Diseases Conference: Immunisation at the Crossroads: Challenges and Strategies; 2004 Aug 1920; Cairns , NT . Public Health Association of Australia.
  • 61
    Riley I, Williams G, Shannon C, Vlack S, Fagan R, Foster R. Needs Analysis of Immunisation for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People in Queensland [final report]. Brisbane ( AUST ) : Centre for Indigenous Health, University of Queensland; 2004.
  • 62
    Kehoe H, Lovett R. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health assessments – barriers to improving uptake. Aust Fam Physician. 2008;37(12):10338.
  • 63
    Fremantle E, Zurynski Y, Mahajan D, D'Antoine H, Elliott E. Indigenous child health: urgent need for improved data to underpin better health outcomes (Research Enterprise – Viewpoint). Med J Aust. 2008;188(10):58891.
  • 64
    National Health Performance Committee. National Health Performance Framework Report. Brisbane ( AUST ) : Queensland Health; 2001.