Oral side-effects of the most frequently prescribed drugs

Authors

  • Robert G. Smith RPh,

    Corresponding author
    1. Clinical Lecturer/Consultant Pharmacist, Tacachale Center, College of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy Practice, University of Florida, Gainesville
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  • A. Paul Burtner DMD

    1. Associate Professor, Department of Community Dentistry, University of Florida, Gainesville
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Tacachale Center, 1621 NE Waldo Road, Gainesville, FL 32609

Abstract

Oral side-effects and their respective prevalence rates for the 200 most frequently prescribed drugs for 1992, as measured by IMS America's National Prescription Audit is reviewed. Accounting for duplication due to brand and generic name listings, the actual number of different medications covered was 131. The results of this review are presented in a table and include the oral side-effects and prevalences as reported in the literature. The three most frequent side-effects encountered with these medications were xerostomia (80.5%), dysgeusia (47.5%), and stomatitis (33.9%). The included table should fill the need for a ready reference for dentists in monitoring and counseling patients regarding the potential oral side-effects of the medications.

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