Oral health and health care for older adults: A spatial approach for addressing disparities and planning services
Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
Special Care in Dentistry
Volume 26, Issue 6, pages 252–256, November 2006
How to Cite
Borrell, L. N., Northridge, M. E., Miller, D. B., Golembeski, C. A., Spielman, S. E., Sclar, E. D. and Lamster, I. B. (2006), Oral health and health care for older adults: A spatial approach for addressing disparities and planning services. Special Care in Dentistry, 26: 252–256. doi: 10.1111/j.1754-4505.2006.tb01663.x
- Issue published online: 28 JUN 2008
- Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
- oral health care;
- older adults;
- public health;
- urban planning;
- geographic information systems (GIS);
- spatial analysis
The purpose of this paper was to examine the geographic distribution of New York City adults aged 65 and older by race/ethnicity and poverty status. Also analyzed was seniors' access to dental care as defined by the location of dental providers and their proximity to the subway system lines in Manhattan and the Bronx.
ArcGIS software was used to create a geographic information system (GIS) incorporating relevant data from a variety of sources. Individual and overlay maps were then produced to examine the aims of this analysis. Data showed that Black race, Hispanic ethnicity, and poverty status tend to co-occur spatially among seniors in Northern Manhattan and the South Bronx. Further, a spatial/transportation barrier may inhibit access to dental care for seniors who reside in these areas.
By presenting multiple layers of local information juxtaposed, GIS can help provide directions for planning oral health service delivery for seniors.