Chronic craniofacial dematiaceous fungal infection: A case report




Curvularia is a saprobic dematiaceous mold that has been associated with a wide spectrum of human infection. In non-immunosuppressed patients, infections frequently involve the paranasal sinus, skin, and soft tissue, whereas systemic dissemination and endocarditis are extremely rare. The optimal antifungal therapy for Curvularia infection is not known, and responses to treatment with amphotericin B, miconazole, ketoconazole, terbinafine, and itraconazole have been reported. We describe a patient with an invasive dematiaceous fungal sinusitis who was immunocompetent and was infected with Curvularia. The patient was successfully treated with oral itraconazole by otolaryngology and the infectious disease service.