Bassam Tibi was born in 1944 in Damascus, Syria to an Islamic Ashraf family (aristocracy) and educated there. He migrated to Europe in 1962 and, from 1973 until his retirement in Fall 2009, was Professor of International Relations at the University of Göttingen. He was also a visiting non-resident A. D. White Professor-at-Large at Cornell University. He has held seventeen visiting professorships in four continents in addition to lecturing at thirty universities. Tibi has held fellowships at Harvard, Princeton, the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor in the United States; the National University of Singapore; and the Islamic Hidayatullah State University of Jakarta, in addition to other visiting positions in the world of Islam (e.g., al-Ahram Center in Cairo). Among his many publications are Islam between Culture and Politics (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005, 2nd ed.); Political Islam, World Politics and Europe: Democratic Peace and Euro-Islam versus Global Jihad (Routledge, 2008); Islam's Predicament with Modernity: Religious Reform and Cultural Change (Routledge, 2009). In 2008–09, Tibi worked on a new book on Islamism and Islam at Yale University as a senior research fellow to be published by Yale University Press.