Get access

Four cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence (CAPS) markers for the detection of the Juglans ailantifolia chloroplast in putatively native J. cinerea populations


Jeanne Romero-Severson, Fax: (574) 631-7413; E-mail:


Hybridization between butternut (Juglans cinerea), a forest tree native to eastern North America, and Japanese walnut (J. ailantifolia), a tree tolerant to the lethal fungal disease butternut canker, casts doubt on the genetic identity of the remaining butternuts. We report a diagnostic test to distinguish the J. cinerea chloroplast from the J. ailantifolia chloroplast using cleaved amplified polymorphic sequences resolvable in 1.5% agarose gels. J. ailantifolia maternal ancestry in naturally regenerated stands provides a site selection criterion for studies of introgression dynamics when the non-native parent and the hybrids tolerate a disease to which the native species is susceptible.