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Keywords:

  • allele-specific PCR;
  • computational phasing;
  • experimental phasing;
  • haplotype;
  • heterozygote;
  • PHASE;
  • SNPs

Abstract

Resolution of the two haplotypes present in an individual that is heterozygous at a locus has been a difficult problem for nucleotide sequence-based population genetic studies. Here, we demonstrate a method in which allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (AS-PCR) and computational phasing are combined for relatively high-throughput, efficient resolution of phase in resequencing studies. Using data from multiple loci that were fully experimentally phased, we demonstrate that the popular computational tool PHASE can accurately phase heterozygous individuals with common SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) and/or common haplotypes. However, we also demonstrate that experimental phasing with AS-PCR can efficiently supplement computational phasing, providing a rapid means to phase individuals with rare SNPs or haplotypes and with heterozygous insertion/deletion polymorphisms. By following simple stepwise procedures, AS-PCR can result in much more efficient and accurate experimental phasing of haplotypes than is possible with traditional methods such as cloning.