Barcoding aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) of the Korean Peninsula: updating the global data set

Authors

  • WONHOON LEE,

    1. Insect Biosystematics Laboratory, Research Institute for Agricultural and Life Sciences, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-921, Korea
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    • These authors contributed equally to this work.

  • HYOJOONG KIM,

    1. Insect Biosystematics Laboratory, Research Institute for Agricultural and Life Sciences, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-921, Korea
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    • These authors contributed equally to this work.

  • JONGOK LIM,

    1. Insect Biosystematics Laboratory, Research Institute for Agricultural and Life Sciences, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-921, Korea
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  • HWAL-RAN CHOI,

    1. Insect Biosystematics Laboratory, Research Institute for Agricultural and Life Sciences, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-921, Korea
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  • YEYEUN KIM,

    1. Insect Biosystematics Laboratory, Research Institute for Agricultural and Life Sciences, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-921, Korea
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  • YANG-SU KIM,

    1. National Plant Quarantine Service, Incheon International Airport Office, Incheon 400-430, Korea
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  • JEONG-YEON JI,

    1. National Plant Quarantine Service, Incheon International Airport Office, Incheon 400-430, Korea
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  • ROBERT G. FOOTTIT,

    1. National Environmental Health Program, Invertebrate Biodiversity, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Canada
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  • SEUNGHWAN LEE

    1. Insect Biosystematics Laboratory, Research Institute for Agricultural and Life Sciences, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-921, Korea
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Seunghwan Lee, Fax: +82 2 880 4691; E-mail: seung@snu.ac.kr

Abstract

DNA barcode (mitochondrial COI) sequences are provided for species identification of aphids from the Korean Peninsula. Most (98%) of the 154 species had distinct COI sequences (average 0.05% intraspecific pairwise divergence) relative to the degree of sequence divergence among species (average value 5.84%). For species in common with other regions, barcodes for Korean samples fell near or within known levels of variation. Based on these results, we conclude that DNA barcodes can provide an effective tool for identifying aphid species in such applications as pest management, monitoring and plant quarantine.

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