These authors contributed equally to this study.
Melanin precursors prevent premature age-related and noise-induced hearing loss in albino mice
Article first published online: 19 OCT 2009
© 2009 John Wiley & Sons A/S
Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research
Volume 23, Issue 1, pages 72–83, February 2010
How to Cite
Murillo-Cuesta, S., Contreras, J., Zurita, E., Cediel, R., Cantero, M., Varela-Nieto, I. and Montoliu, L. (2010), Melanin precursors prevent premature age-related and noise-induced hearing loss in albino mice. Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research, 23: 72–83. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-148X.2009.00646.x
- Issue published online: 12 JAN 2010
- Article first published online: 19 OCT 2009
- PUBLICATION DATA Received 21 April 2009, revised and accepted for publication 12 October 2009, published online 19 October 2009
- stria vascularis;
- tyrosine hydroxylase;
- transgenic mice;
Strial melanocytes are required for normal development and correct functioning of the cochlea. Hearing deficits have been reported in albino individuals from different species, although melanin appears to be not essential for normal auditory function. We have analyzed the auditory brainstem responses (ABR) of two transgenic mice: YRT2, carrying the entire mouse tyrosinase (Tyr) gene expression-domain and undistinguishable from wild-type pigmented animals; and TyrTH, non-pigmented but ectopically expressing tyrosine hydroxylase (Th) in melanocytes, which generate the precursor metabolite, L-DOPA, but not melanin. We show that young albino mice present a higher prevalence of profound sensorineural deafness and a poorer recovery of auditory thresholds after noise-exposure than transgenic mice. Hearing loss was associated with absence of cochlear melanin or its precursor metabolites and latencies of the central auditory pathway were unaltered. In summary, albino mice show impaired hearing responses during ageing and after noise damage when compared to YRT2 and TyrTH transgenic mice, which do not show the albino-associated ABR alterations. These results demonstrate that melanin precursors, such as L-DOPA, have a protective role in the mammalian cochlea in age-related and noise-induced hearing loss.