Novel ecosystems resulting from landscape transformation create dilemmas for modern conservation practice
Article first published online: 4 JUL 2008
©2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 1, Issue 3, pages 129–135, August 2008
How to Cite
Lindenmayer, D. B., Fischer, J., Felton, A., Crane, M., Michael, D., Macgregor, C., Montague-Drake, R., Manning, A. and Hobbs, R. J. (2008), Novel ecosystems resulting from landscape transformation create dilemmas for modern conservation practice. Conservation Letters, 1: 129–135. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-263X.2008.00021.x
- Issue published online: 22 AUG 2008
- Article first published online: 4 JUL 2008
- Received: 24 March 2008; accepted 12 June 2008
- community composition;
- landscape change;
- longitudinal study;
- novel ecosystem;
- plantation expansion;
- woodland remnants
Introduction: Novel ecosystems occur when new combinations of species appear within a particular biome due to human activity, environmental change, or impacts of introduced species. Background: Managing the trajectory of ecosystems toward desired outcomes requires an understanding of the means by which they developed. To facilitate this understanding, we present evidence for the development of a novel ecosystem from a natural experiment focusing on 52 woodland remnants surrounded by maturing stands of exotic radiata pine. Results: Bird community composition changed through time resulting in a unique blend of tall closed forest and open-woodland birds that previously did not occur in the study area, nor in the region's tall closed forest or open-woodland biomes. Conclusion: Novel ecosystems will become increasingly common due to climate change, raising complex management and ethical dilemmas for policy makers and resource managers.