Assisted colonization in a changing climate: a test-study using two U.K. butterflies
Version of Record online: 3 FEB 2009
©2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 2, Issue 1, pages 46–52, February 2009
How to Cite
Willis, S. G., Hill, J. K., Thomas, C. D., Roy, D. B., Fox, R., Blakeley, D. S. and Huntley, B. (2009), Assisted colonization in a changing climate: a test-study using two U.K. butterflies. Conservation Letters, 2: 46–52. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-263X.2008.00043.x
- Issue online: 10 FEB 2009
- Version of Record online: 3 FEB 2009
- Received: 1 August 2008; accepted 13 November 2008.
- Climate change;
- range margin;
- range shift;
- assisted colonization
Recent climatic change in temperate regions has been rapid and there is mounting speculation that species are failing to keep track of suitable climate, perhaps necessitating assisted colonization for some species. An inability to spread into new areas may result in large reductions in species’ ranges in the future, and threaten the survival of some species. Here we use “species-climate” models to predict suitable sites for introductions beyond current range margins, using two U.K. butterfly species. We introduced Melanargia galathea (marbled white) and Thymelicus sylvestris (small skipper) into two sites in northern England, ∼65 and ∼35 km beyond their then-range margins, respectively, to sites that were predicted to be climatically suitable and that appeared to contain suitable habitat for the species. Both introduced populations grew and expanded their range over 6 years (2001–2006; still thriving in 2008), suggesting the existence of a colonization lag and providing evidence that well-planned assisted colonization can be successful. We suggest that assisted colonization may be a feasible and cost-effective means of enabling certain species to track climatic change.