SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Abesamis, R.A., Russ G.R. (2005) Density-dependent spillover from a marine reserve: long-term evidence. Ecol Apps 15, 17981812.
  • Bell, J.D. (1983) Effects of depth and marine reserve fishing restrictions on the structure of a rocky reef fish assemblage in the northwestern Mediterranean. J App Ecol 20, 357369.
  • Behrens, M.D., Lafferty R. (2004) Effects of marine reserves and urchin disease on southern Californian rocky reef communities. MEPS 279, 129139.
  • Blyth-Skyrme, R.E., Kaiser M.J., Hiddink J.G., Edwards-Jones G., Hart P.J.B. (2006) Conservation benefits of a marine protected area vary with fish life-history parameters. Conserv Biol 20, 811820.
  • Borja, A., Muxika I., Bald J. (2006) Protection of the goose barnacle Pollicipes pollicipes, Gmelin, 1790 population: the Gaztelugatxe Marine Reserve (Basque Country, northern Spain). Sci Mar 70, 235242.
  • Bradshaw, C., Veale L.O., Hill A.S., Brand A.R. (2001) The effect of scallop dredging on Irish Sea Benthos: experiments using a closed area. Hydrobiologia 465, 129138.
  • Branch, G.M., Odendaal F. (2003) The effects of marine protected areas on the population dynamics of a South African limpet, Cymbula oculus, relative to the influence of wave action. Biol Conserv 114, 255269.
  • Buxton, C.D., Smale M.J. (1989). Abundance and distribution of three temperate marine reef fish in exploited and unexploited areas off the southern cape coast. J App Ecol 26, 441451.
  • Castilla, J.C., Bustamante, R.H. (1988) Human exclusion from rocky intertidal of Las Cruces, central Chile: effects on Durvillaea antarctica (Phaeophyta, Durvilleales) Mar Ecol Progr Ser 50, 203214.
  • Claudet, J., Osenberg C.W., Benedetti-Cecchi L. et al . (2008) Marine reserves: size and age do matter. Ecol Lett 11, 481489.
  • Claudet, J., Pelletier D., Jouvenel J.-Y. et al . (2006) Assessing the effect of MPA on a reef fish assemblage in a NW Mediterranean reserve: identifying community based indicators. Biol Conserv 130, 349369.
  • Cooper, H., HedgesL.V., editors. (1994) The handbook of research synthesis. Russell Sage Foundation, New York .
  • Côté, I.M., Mosqueira I., Reynolds J.D. (2001) Effects of marine reserve characteristics on the protection of fish populations: a meta-analysis. J Fish Biol 59(Suppl. A), 178189.
  • DEFRA. (2008) Protecting our marine environment through the marine bill. [WWW document]. Department for Environment, Farming and Rural Affairs, London . Available from: http://www.defra.gov.uk/marine/pdf/legislation/protect-marine-env-leaflet.pdf. Accessed 20 August 2009.
  • DerSimonian, R., Laird N. (1986) Meta-analysis in clinical trials. Control Clin Trials 7, 177188.
  • Duran, L.R., Castilla J.C. (1989) Variation and persistence of the middle rocky intertidal community of central Chile, with and without human harvesting. Mar Biol 103, 555562.
  • Edgar, G.J., Bustamante R.H., Fariña J.M. et al . (2004) Bias in evaluating the effects of marine protected areas: the importance of baseline data for the Galapagos marine reserve. Environ Conserv 31, 212218.
  • Francour, P. (1996) L'Ichtyofaune de l'herbier à Posidonia oceanica dans le reserve marine de Scandola (Corse, Méditerranée Nord-Occidentale): Influence des mesures de protection. J Rech Océanogr 21, 2934.
  • Garcia-Rubies, A., Zabala M. (1990) Effects of total fish prohibition of the rocky fish assemblages of Medes Islands marine reserve (NW Mediterranean). Sci Mar 54, 317328.
  • Gates, S. (2002) Review of methodology of quantitative reviews using meta-analysis in ecology. J Anim Ecol 71, 547557.
  • Gell, F.R., Roberts C.M. (2003) Benefits beyond boundaries: the fishery effects of marine reserves. Trends Ecol Evol 18, 448455.
  • Goni, R., Adlerstein S., Alvarez-Berastegui D. et al . (2008) Spillover from six western Mediterranean marine protected areas: evidence from artisanal fisheries. MEPS 366, 159174.
  • Guidetti, P. (2006) Marine reserves reestablish lost predatory interactions and cause community changes in rocky reefs. Ecol Appl 16, 963976.
  • Guidetti, P. (2007) Potential of marine reserves to cause community wide change changes beyond their boundaries. Conserv Biol 21, 540545.
  • Guidetti, P., Verginella L., Viva C. et al . (2005) Protection effects on fish assemblages, and comparison of two visual-census techniques in shallow artificial rocky habitats in the northern Adriatic Sea. J Mar Biol Assoc 85, 247255.
  • Gurevitch, J., Hedges L.V. (1999) Statistical issues in ecological meta-analyses. Ecology 80, 11421149.
  • Halpern, B.S. (2003) The impact of marine reserves: do reserves work and does reserve size matter? Ecol Appl 13, 117137.
  • Halpern, B.S., Gaines S.D., Warner R.R. (2004) Confounding effects of the export of production and the displacement of fishing effort from marine reserves. Ecol Appl 14, 12481256.
  • Harmelin, J.-G., Bachet F., García F. (1995) Mediterranean marine reserves: fish indices as tests of protection efficiency. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 16, 233250.
  • Higgins, J.P.T., Green S. (2008) Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions 5.00 [WWW document]. The Cochrane Collaboration. Available from: http://www.cochrane-handbook.org. Accessed 1 August 2009.
  • Jennings, S. (2000) Patterns and prediction of population recovery in marine reserves. Rev Fish Biol Fish 10, 209231.
  • Jones, P.J.S. (2007) Point of view–arguments for conventional fisheries management and against no-take marine protected areas: only half of the story? Rev Fish Biol Fish 17, 3143.
  • Kaiser, M.J. (2005) Are marine protected areas a red herring or fisheries panacea? Can J Fish Aquat Sci 62, 11941199.
  • Kerlikowske, K., Grady D., Rubin S.M., Sandrock C., Ernster V.L. (1995) Efficacy of screening mammography—a meta-analysis. J Am Med Assoc 273, 149154.
  • Lasiak, T. (1999) The putative impact of exploitation on rocky infratidal macrofaunal assemblages: a multiple-area comparison. J Mar Biol Assoc 79, 2334.
  • Laurel, B.S., Bradbury I.R. (2006) “Big” concerns with high latitude marine protected areas (MPAs): trends in connectivity and MPA size. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 63, 26032607.
  • Lester, S., Halpern B.S., Grorud-Colvert K. et al . (2009) Biological effects within no-take marine reserves: a global synthesis. MEPS 384, 3346.
  • Lortie, C.J., Callaway R.M. (2006) Re-analysis of meta-analysis: support for the stress-gradient hypothesis. J Ecol 94, 716.
  • Macpherson, E., Biagi, F., Francour, P. et al . (1997) Mortality of juvenile fishes of genus Diplodus in protected and unprotected areas in the western Mediterranean sea. Mar Ecol Progr Ser 160, 13547.
  • Martell, S.J.D., Walters C.J., Wallace S.S. (2000) The use of marine protected areas for conservation of lingcod (Ophiodon elongatus). Bull Mar Sci 66, 729743.
  • McClanahan, T.M., Marnane M.J., Cinner J.E., Kiene W.E. (2006) A comparison of marine protected areas and alternative approaches to coral-reef management. Curr Biol 16, 14081413.
  • Micheli, F., Halpern B.S., Botsford L.W., Warner R.R. (2004) Trajectories and correlates of community change in no-take reserves. Ecol Appl 14, 17091723.
  • Michelli, F., Benedetti-Cechi L., Gambaccini S. et al . (2005) Cascading impacts, marine protected areas, and the structure of Mediterranean reef assemblages. Ecol Monogr 75, 81102.
  • Moreno, C.A., Lunecke K.M., Lépez M.I. (1986) The response of an intertidal Concholepas concholepas (Gastropoda) population to protection from Man in southern Chile and the effects on benthic sessile assemblages. Oikos 46, 359364.
  • Mosqueira, I., Côté I.M., Jennings S., Reynolds J.D. (2000) Conservation benefits of marine reserves for fish populations. Anim Conserv 3, 321332.
  • Murawski, S.A., Brown R., Lai H.L., Rago P.J., Hendrickson L. (2000) Large scale closed areas as a fishery management tool in temperate marine systems: the Georges Bank experience. Bull Mar Sci 66, 775798.
  • O’Connor, M., Bruno J., Gaines S. et al . (2007) Temperature control of larval dispersal and the implications for marine ecology, evolution, and conservation. PNAS 104, 12661271.
  • Paddack, M.J., Estes J.A. (2001) Kelp forest fish populations in marine reserves and adjacent exploited areas of central California. Ecol Appl 10, 855870.
  • Pullin, A.S., Stewart G.B. (2006) Guidelines for systematic review in conservation and environmental management. Conserv Biol 20, 16471656.
  • Roberts, P.D., Stewart G.B., Pullin A.S. (2006) Are review articles a reliable source of evidence to support conservation and environmental management? A comparison with medicine. Biol Conserv 132, 409423.
  • Sabates, A., Zabala M., Garcia-Rubies A. (2003) Larval fish communities in the Medes Islands marine reserve (North-west Mediterranean). J Plankton Res 25, 10351046.
  • Sala, E., Ribes M., Hereu B. et al . (1998) Temporal variability in abundance of the sea urchins Paracentrotus lividus and Arbacia lixula in the northwestern Mediterranean: comparison between a marine reserve and an unprotected area. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 168, 135145.
  • Samoilys, M.A., Martin-Smith K.M., Giles B.G. et al . (2007) Effectiveness of five small Philippines’ coral reef reserves for fish populations depends on site-specific factors, particularly enforcement history. Biol Conserv 136, 584601.
  • Schroeder, D.M., Love M.S. (2002) Recreational fishing and marine fish populations in California. California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations Reports 43, 182190.
  • Shears, N.T., Babcock R.C. (2003) Continuing trophic cascade effects after 25 years of no-take marine reserve protection. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 246, 116.
  • Shipp, R.L. (2003) A perspective on marine reserves as a fishery management tool. Fisheries 28, 1021.
  • Spalding, M., Fish L., Wood L.J. (2008) Toward representative protection of the world's coasts and oceans–progress, gaps, and opportunities. Conserv Lett 1, 217226.
  • Sutton, A.J., Higgins J.P.T. (2008) Recent developments in meta-analysis. Stats Med 27, 625650.
  • Tupper, M.H. (2007) Spillover of commercially valuable reef fishes from marine protected areas in Guam, Micronesia. Fish Bull 105, 527537.
  • Tuya, F., Garcia-Diez C., Espino F., Haroun R.J. (2006) Assessment of the effectiveness of two marine reserves in the Canary Islands (eastern Atlantic). Cienc Mar 32, 505522.
  • Tuya, F.C., Soboil M.L., Kido J. (2000) An assessment of the effectiveness of Marine Protected areas in the San Juan Islands, Washington USA. ICES J Mar Sci 57, 12181226.
  • Vacchi, M., Bussotti S., Guidetti P., La Mesa G. (1998) Study of the coastal fish assemblage in the marine reserve of the Ustica Island (southern Tyrrhenian Sea). Ital J Zool 65, 281286.
  • Willis, T.J., Anderson M.J. (2003) Structure of cryptic reef fish assemblages: relationships with habitat characteristics and predator density. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 257, 209221.
  • Willis, T.J., Millar R.B. (2005) Using marine reserves to estimate fishing mortality. Ecol Lett 8, 4752.
  • Willis, T.J., Millar R.B., Babcock R.C., Tolimieri N. (2003) Burdens of evidence and the benefits of marine reserves: putting Descartes before des horse? Environ Conserv 30, 97103.
  • Wolff, W.J. (1992) Ecological developments in the Wadden Sea until 1990. Neth Inst Sea Res Publ Ser 20, 2332.
  • Wood, L.J., Fish L., Laughren J., Pauly D. (2008) Assessing progress towards global marine protection targets: shortfalls in information and action. Oryx 42, 340351.