Editor: Dr. Nicholas Dulvy
Global patterns of marine turtle bycatch
Article first published online: 5 APR 2010
©2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 3, Issue 3, pages 131–142, June 2010
How to Cite
Wallace, B. P., Lewison, R. L., McDonald, S. L., McDonald, R. K., Kot, C. Y., Kelez, S., Bjorkland, R. K., Finkbeiner, E. M., Helmbrecht, S. and Crowder, L. B. (2010), Global patterns of marine turtle bycatch. Conservation Letters, 3: 131–142. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-263X.2010.00105.x
- Issue published online: 7 JUN 2010
- Article first published online: 5 APR 2010
- Received 18 September 2009; accepted 18 February 2010.
Vol. 3, Issue 5, 369, Article first published online: 8 OCT 2010
- Bycatch rates;
- fisheries bycatch;
- fishing effort;
- marine conservation;
- marine megafauna;
- marine turtles;
Fisheries bycatch is a primary driver of population declines in several species of marine megafauna (e.g., elasmobranchs, mammals, seabirds, turtles). Characterizing the global bycatch seascape using data on bycatch rates across fisheries is essential for highlighting conservation priorities. We compiled a comprehensive database of reported data on marine turtle bycatch in gillnet, longline, and trawl fisheries worldwide from 1990 to 2008. The total reported global marine turtle bycatch was ∼85,000 turtles, but due to the small percentage of fishing effort observed and reported (typically <1% of total fleets), and to a global lack of bycatch information from small-scale fisheries, this likely underestimates the true total by at least two orders of magnitude. Our synthesis also highlights an apparently universal pattern across fishing gears and regions where high bycatch rates were associated with low observed effort, which emphasizes the need for strategic bycatch data collection and reporting. This study provides the first global perspective of fisheries bycatch for marine turtles and highlights region–gear combinations that warrant urgent conservation action (e.g., gillnets, longlines, and trawls in the Mediterranean Sea and eastern Pacific Ocean) and region–gear combinations in need of enhanced observation and reporting efforts (e.g., eastern Indian Ocean gillnets, West African trawls).