Editor Ashwini Chhatre
The changing landscape of conservation science funding in the United States
Article first published online: 21 MAY 2010
©2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 3, Issue 6, pages 435–444, December 2010
How to Cite
Bakker, V. J., Baum, J. K., Brodie, J. F., Salomon, A. K., Dickson, B. G., Gibbs, H. K., Jensen, O. P. and McIntyre, P. B. (2010), The changing landscape of conservation science funding in the United States. Conservation Letters, 3: 435–444. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-263X.2010.00125.x
- Issue published online: 3 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 21 MAY 2010
- Received 16 December 2009Accepted4 May 2010
- Conservation funding;
- conservation investment;
- conservation NGOs;
- conservation science;
To understand the changing role of funding sources in shaping conservation science in the United States, we analyzed acknowledgments from published studies, trends in research funding, and survey responses from conservation scientists. Although the U.S. federal government was the most frequently acknowledged source of support overall, U.S. foundations and NGOs were the predominant sources for tropical and socioeconomic research. Acknowledgments of foundation support for conservation research increased over the last two decades, while recognition of federal funds declined. Concordant trends in funding and acknowledgments indicated a changing landscape for conservation science, in which federal support has not kept pace with the growth in conservation research efforts or needs. Survey responses from conservation scientists about their funding sources were consistent with acknowledgment data, and most (64%) indicated that shifts in funding sources and amounts affected the type of research they conduct. Ongoing changes in the funding landscape shape the direction of conservation research and may make conservation science more vulnerable to economic recessions.