Editor Reed Noss
Global priorities for conservation of threatened species, carbon storage, and freshwater services: scope for synergy?
Article first published online: 20 MAY 2011
©2011 Conservation International Inc.
Volume 4, Issue 5, pages 355–363, October/November 2011
How to Cite
Larsen, F. W., Londoño-Murcia, M. C. and Turner, W. R. (2011), Global priorities for conservation of threatened species, carbon storage, and freshwater services: scope for synergy?. Conservation Letters, 4: 355–363. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-263X.2011.00183.x
- Issue published online: 3 OCT 2011
- Article first published online: 20 MAY 2011
- Accepted manuscript online: 28 APR 2011 04:45PM EST
- Received , 24 January 2011, Accepted, 18 April 2011
- carbon storage;
- tradeoff analysis;
- threatened species
The potential of global biodiversity conservation efforts to also deliver critical benefits, such as carbon storage and freshwater services, is still unclear. Using spatially explicit data on 3,500 range-restricted threatened species, carbon storage, and freshwater provision to people, we conducted tradeoff analyses, explicitly addressing both biodiversity and ecosystem services in selection of priority areas, to explore the potential for aligning these objectives. These analyses revealed a promising scope for aligning objectives, in particular for biodiversity and freshwater, which is not evident from previous studies that merely analyzed overlap of biodiversity and ecosystem services derived for each objective independently. However, this alignment is not complete. By revealing important synergies and tradeoffs among services, these analyzes suggest particular regions and service combinations for which spatial planning and appropriate conservation mechanisms (e.g., payments for ecosystem services) can be used to realize synergies and mitigate tradeoffs.