The authors David P. Edwards and Brendan Fisher contributed equally to this article.
High Conservation Value or high confusion value? Sustainable agriculture and biodiversity conservation in the tropics
Version of Record online: 29 NOV 2011
Copyright and Photocopying: ©2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 5, Issue 1, pages 20–27, January 2012
How to Cite
Edwards, D. P., Fisher, B. and Wilcove, D. S. (2012), High Conservation Value or high confusion value? Sustainable agriculture and biodiversity conservation in the tropics. Conservation Letters, 5: 20–27. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-263X.2011.00209.x
Editor William Sutherland
- Issue online: 26 JAN 2012
- Version of Record online: 29 NOV 2011
- Accepted manuscript online: 4 NOV 2011 03:27AM EST
- Received 10 July 2011 Accepted 17 October 2011
- 2007) Quantifying the biodiversity value of tropical primary, secondary, and plantation forests. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 104, 18555–18560. , , et al . (
- 2002) Avifaunal collapse in West African forest fragments. Conserv Biol 16, 1097–1111. , , (
- 2006) Impacts of rain forest fragmentation on butterflies in northern Borneo: species richness, turnover and the value of small fragments. J Appl Ecol 43, 967–977. , , et al . (
- 2010) The high value of logged tropical forests: lessons from northern Borneo. Biodiversity Conserv 19, 985–997. , , et al . (
- 2008) Beyond deforestation: restoring forests and ecosystem services on degraded lands. Science 320, 1458–1460. (
- 2011) Combining high biodiversity with high yields in tropical agroforests. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 108, 8311–8316. , , et al . (
- 2009) HCV and the RSPO: report of an independent investigation into the effectiveness of the application of High Conservation Value zoning in palm oil development in Indonesia. Available from:http://www.forestpeoples.org/sites/fpp/files/publication/2010/08/rspoindonesiahcvstudyreportoct09eng.pdf. Accessed August 2011. , , et al . (
- Consumer Goods Forum. (2010) Consumer goods industry announces initiatives on climate protection: retailers and manufacturers to halt deforestation practices and phase out climate-damaging refrigerants. Available from: http://www.unilever.com/images/Consumer%20Goods%20Industry%20Announces%20Iinitiatives%20on%20Climate%20Protection_tcm13--261804.pdf. Accessed August 2011.
- 2010) Wildlife-friendly oil palm plantations fail to protect biodiversity effectively. Conserv Lett 3, 236–242. , , et al . (
- Indonesia's REDD+ pact: Saving imperilled forests or business as usual? Biol Conserv , , (in press)
- 2011) Degraded lands worth protecting: the biological importance of Southeast Asia's repeatedly logged forests. Proc Roy Soc B 278, 82–90. , , et al . (
- Green labeling, environmental sustainability and the expansion of tropical agriculture. Biol Conserv. , (in review)
- 1991) Biodiversity studies – science and policy. Science 253, 758–762. , (
- EIA (2008) Illegal logging baron's move to palm oil receives top brass backing. Available from: http://www.eia-international.org/cgi/news/news.cgi?a=457&source=&t=template. Accessed August 2011.
- FAOStat. (2010) Crop production, final data 2008. Available from: http://faostat.fao.org/site/339/default.aspx. Accessed December 2010.
- 2001) Soybean cultivation as a threat to the environment in Brazil. Environ Conserv 28, 23–38. (
- 2008) How will oil palm expansion affect biodiversity? Trends Ecol Evol 23, 538–545. , , et al . (
- FSC. (2011a) Facts and figures. Available from: http://www.fsc.org/facts-figures.html. Accessed February 2011.
- FSC. (2011b) FSC principles and criteria. Available from: http://www.fsc.org/1093.html. Accessed July 2011.
- 1997) The Imperata grasslands of tropical Asia: area, distribution, and typology. Agroforestry Systems 36, 3–29. , , et al . (
- 2010) Functional responses in habitat selection by tropical birds moving through fragmented forest. J Appl Ecol 47, 182–190. , (
- Greenpeace. (2007) Household brands accused of “cooking the climate” as British government prepares for climate summit. Available from: http://www.greenpeace.org.uk/media/press-releases/household-brands-accused-of-cooking-the-climate-20071108. Accessed July 2011.
- Greenpeace. (2010) Nestlé killer – give the orang utan a break. Available from: http://www.greenpeace.org.uk/files/po/index.html. Accessed July 2011.
- Greenpeace. (2011) Major forest-saving announcement. Available from: http://www.greenpeace.org/australia/en/news/forests/major-forest-saving-announceme. Accessed July 2011.
- 2005) Species-area relationships of primates in tropical forest fragments: a global analysis. J Appl Ecol 42, 630–637. , (
- HCV Resource Network. (2011) National HCV interpretations. Avaukabke from: http://www.hcvnetwork.org/resources/national-hcv-interpretations. Accessed August 2011.
- 2010) The impact of conservation on the status of the world's vertebrates. Science 330, 1503–1509. , , et al . (
- IUCN. (2011) IUCN Red list of threatened species. Version 2011.1. Available from: http://www.iucnredlist.org. Accessed August 2011.
- 2003) The high conservation value forest toolkit. Part 2. Defining high conservation values at a national level: a practical guide. Proforest, Oxford , UK . , , et al . (
- 2010a) Geography and Indonesian oil-palm expansion reply. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 107, E172–E172. , (
- 2010b) Spatially explicit scenario analysis for reconciling agricultural expansion, forest protection, and carbon conservation in Indonesia. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 107, 11140–11144. , (
- 2006) Global tests of biodiversity concordance and the importance of endemism. Nature 440, 212–214. , , et al . (
- 2010) Indirect land-use changes can overcome carbon savings from biofuels in Brazil. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 107, 3388–3393. , , et al . (
- 2011) The fate of Amazonian forest fragments: a 32-year investigation. Biol Conserv 144, 56–67. , , et al . (
- 2010) Improving the performance of the Roundtable on sustainable palm oil for nature conservation. Conserv Biol 24, 377–381. , , (
- 2006) Rapid avifaunal collapse along the Amazonian deforestation frontier. Biol Conserv 133, 198–211. , (
- 2009) Gap-crossing movements predict species occupancy in Amazonian forest fragments. Oikos 118, 280–290. , (
- 2007) Disturbance-mediated mammal persistence and abundance-area relationships in Amazonian forest fragments. Conserv Biol 23, 1626–1640. , (
- 1997) Megadiversity: Earth's biologically wealthiest nations. Conservation International, Washington , DC , USA . , , (
- 2003) Evaluating the importance of human-modified lands for Neotropical bird conservation. Conserv Biol 17, 687–694. , (
- 2009) Bushmeat supply and consumption in a tropical logging concession in northern Congo. Conserv Biol 23, 1597–1608. , , et al . (
- 2007) Tradeoffs between income, biodiversity, and ecosystem functioning during tropical rainforest conversion and agroforestry intensification. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 104, 4973–4978. , , et al . (
- 2008) Conservation value of forest fragments to Palaeotropical bats. Biol Conserv 141, 2112–2126. , , et al . (
- 2007) Influence of slash-and-burn farming practices on fallow succession and land degradation in the rainforest region of Madagascar. Agric Ecosyst Environ 119, 257–269. , , et al . (
- 2011) Grass-dominated vegetation, not species-diverse natural savanna, replaces degraded tropical forests on the southern edge of the Amazon Basin. Biol Conserv 144, 1419–1429. , (
- 2010) Movements of birds among natural vegetation patches in the Pantanal, Brazil. Bird Conserv Intl 20, 400–409. , , (