Prevalence of myopia in school children in Vanuatu
Article first published online: 27 MAY 2009
1985 Institution Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica
Volume 63, Issue 3, pages 323–326, June 1985
How to Cite
Garner, L. F., Kinnear, R. F., Klinger, J. D. and McKellar, M. J. (1985), Prevalence of myopia in school children in Vanuatu. Acta Ophthalmologica, 63: 323–326. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-3768.1985.tb06814.x
- Issue published online: 27 MAY 2009
- Article first published online: 27 MAY 2009
- Received on June 1st, 1984.
- refractive distribution;
- school children;
Abstract The onset of myopia typically occurs in childhood and increases during puberty. We studied the vision and refractive errors of 977 school children (ages 6 to 17 years) in 1983. Myopia in the group was extremely low; 97% had vision of 6/6, and 1.3% had myopia greater than 0.25D. Regression analysis revealed a change in mean refraction of -0.016D/year for males and -0.024D/ year for females. There were no significant differences between males and females. These children engaged in about 8 hours of school work per day, and we conclude that genetic factors predominate over environmental factors in the determination of myopic refractive errors for this group.