Varicella zoster Virus
Article first published online: 11 AUG 2011
2011 Acta Ophthalmologica
Special Issue: Abstracts from the 2011 European Association for Vision and Eye Research Conference
Volume 89, Issue Supplement s248, page 0, September 2011
How to Cite
ANDROUDI, S. (2011), Varicella zoster Virus. Acta Ophthalmologica, 89: 0. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-3768.2011.4442.x
- Issue published online: 11 AUG 2011
- Article first published online: 11 AUG 2011
- Cited By
Purpose Patients with herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) are referred to ophthalmologists for prevention or treatment of its potential complications. Without prompt detection and treatment, HZO can lead to substantial visual disability. The purpose of this presentation is to summarize the typical signs and symptoms of anterior uveitis associated with varicella zoster virus (VZV).
Methods Presentation of typical signs and symptoms of anterior uveitis associated with varicella zoster virus (VZV).
Results Varicella zoster virus is often associated with corneal complications such as epithelial, stromal, and disciform keratitis; anterior uveitis; necrotizing retinitis; and cranial nerve palsies in relation to the eye. Postherpetic complications, especially postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), are frequently observed. Cranial nerve palsies are common and most often involve the facial nerve, although palsy of the oculomotor, trochlear, and abducens nerves may occur in isolation or (rarely) simultaneously. Complete ophthalmoplegia can also been seen. Vasculitis within the orbital apex (orbital apex syndrome) or brainstem dysfunction is postulated to be the cause of cranial nerve palsies.
Conclusion The management of VZV ophthalmic involvement, includes a multidisciplinary approach aiming to reduce complications and morbidity