Individualised Assessment of Response to Clopidogrel in Patients Presenting with Acute Coronary Syndromes: A Role for Short Thrombelastography?
Article first published online: 19 APR 2010
© 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Volume 28, Issue 3, pages 139–146, June 2010
How to Cite
Cotton, J.M., Worrall, A.M., Hobson, A.R., Smallwood, A., Amoah, V., Dunmore, S., Nevill, A.M., Rajendra, R., Vickers, J. and Curzen, N. (2010), Individualised Assessment of Response to Clopidogrel in Patients Presenting with Acute Coronary Syndromes: A Role for Short Thrombelastography?. Cardiovascular Therapeutics, 28: 139–146. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-5922.2010.00156.x
- Issue published online: 10 MAY 2010
- Article first published online: 19 APR 2010
Vol. 28, Issue 4, 254, Article first published online: 5 JUL 2010
Introduction: There is considerable interindividual variation in response to the antiplatelet agent clopidogrel. Hyporesponse predicts negative outcomes in patients presenting with a variety of ischemic cardiac conditions and following intracoronary stent placement. Many tests of clopidogrel activity are time consuming and complex. Short thromboelastography (s-TEG) allows rapid measurement of platelet clopidogrel response. Aims: We initiated this study to investigate the utility of s-TEG in assessing the response to clopidogrel in patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and to compare these results with established clopidogrel monitoring techniques. Methods: Patients admitted with unstable angina (UA) or Non ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) undergoing coronary angiography were recruited. After routine loading with clopidogrel, all patients were tested with s-TEG and Accumetrics Verify-Now rapid platelet function analyzer (VN-RPFA). We used the modified TEG technique of measuring area under the curve at 15 min (AUC15), which allows a rapid estimation of antiplatelet response. Vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein phosphorylation (VASP) was also tested in a subgroup of patients. Clinical follow-up was obtained at 1 year. s-TEG results were correlated with VN-RPFA and VASP findings. Results: A total of 49 patients (33 male, mean age 63) were recruited and tested with s-TEG and VN-RPFA and a total of 39 patients were also assessed with VASP. s-TEG readings correlated well with VN-RPFA (r2= 0.54, P < 0.0001) and VASP (r2= 0.26, P= 0.001). Conclusion: s-TEG provides timely results which compare to current tests of clopidogrel activity. This technique can also be used to measure a variety of other clotting parameters and as such could develop into a valuable near patient test for the interventional cardiologist.