*The data used for this study were gathered under terms of contract 34002 between arda and McGill University by the Programme in the Anthropology of Development at McGill. The author wishes to acknowledge the contribution of the members of the Programme who were involved in the data-gathering process and Professor Norman A. Chance, who originally conceived of the study that provided the data used. Special mention should be made of the Department of Regional Economic Expansion (formerly Department of Forestry and Rural Development) that financed the study, and granted permission to publish this article. This is a revision of a final report submitted to dree in December, 1968.
Modernization Among Town and Bush Cree in Quebec*
Article first published online: 23 JAN 2009
Canadian Review of Sociology/Revue canadienne de sociologie
Volume 6, Issue 4, pages 237–247, November 1969
How to Cite
Holden, D. E. W. (1969), Modernization Among Town and Bush Cree in Quebec. Canadian Review of Sociology/Revue canadienne de sociologie, 6: 237–247. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-618X.1969.tb02311.x
- Issue published online: 23 JAN 2009
- Article first published online: 23 JAN 2009
L'article est base sur des donnees recueillies aupres des Indiens Cris des regions de Mistassini et de Waswanipi dans le Quebec. La these principale qui y est elaboree peut s'exprimer ainsi: la structure de role d'individus vivant dans des milieux en voie de developpement evoluera a partir d'un nombre restreint de roles traditionnels vers une structure plus complexe oil on observe une meilleure tenue de role. L'auteur elabore une echelle de modernisation: les individus les plus modernes se reconnaissent a leur scolarite, a leur milieu de residence, a leurs fonctions professionnelles et aux changements dans leurs attitudes et conceptions de l'avenir. En consequence, si on veut moderniser ces reserves, il faut susciter des changements a chacun de ces cinq niveaux de la realite sociale.
This article takes data gathered on the Cree Indians in the Mistassini and Waswanipi areas of Quebec and analyses it in terms of their role structure. The principal thesis is that the role structure of people who are developing will change from a traditionally limited number of roles to a more complex structure with a higher degree of role performance. A scale of modernization is developed and is found to be associated with education, location of residence, occupational roles, and with changes in attitudes and orientation. Therefore, to bring about modernization would require changes in at least these five areas.