Contradiction and Change of Performance Expectations

Authors


  • *This paper was presented at the annual meetings of the Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association, St John's, Newfoundland, June 6–9, 1971. Its theoretical section represents part of a doctoral dissertation submitted to the Department of Sociology at Stanford University. Financial support for the experiments was provided by the Canada Council under grant 68–0842. The author gratefully acknowledges the advice and support received from Bernard P. Cohen, Bo Anderson, Reginald A. H. Robson, and Morris Zelditch, Jr. She is also grateful to Susan Clark and Frances M. Reimer for their invaluable assistance as experimenters, and for Mrs Clark's critical comments on earlier drafts of this manuscript.

Abstract

L'auteur propose deux hypotheses pour justifier le fait que les anticipations de ≪ performance ≫ changent lorsqu'elles sont mises en présence de faits objectifs qui les contredisent. On peut prédire que ce changement dans les anticipations evolue en fonction de la variété et du niveau des contradictions. Le cas de celui dont les attentes pour soi sont inferieur aux attentes pour les autres est utilise pour des fins expérimentales de verification des hypothèses. A la fin de l'article l'auteur apporte des suggestions dans le but d'améliorer l'arrière-plan théorique des hypothèses.

Two hypotheses are proposed on the way specific performance expectations change when confronted with objective evidence that contradicts them. The change in expectations is predicted to be a function of the number and the degree of the contradictions they receive. The case of initial lower expectations for self than for other is used in an experimental test of the hypotheses, and these are confirmed by the results of the test. Some suggestions for the refinement of the hypotheses' theoretical background are discussed at the end.

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