Reports on communities of Northern Athapaskan speakers began to appear with the earliest exploration of the American Subarctic. Some early publications include astute and penetrating observations. However, professional ethnography of these peoples has developed only in recent decades and much has yet to be learned on this level. For this and other reasons, theoretical discussion arising from Northern Athapaskan material has not been lively. There are many opportunities for work on Northern Athapaskan society and culture; some are pointed out in this article.