Alternative estimates of the volume of emigration from Canada, 1961–71

Authors

  • JOHN J. KELLY

    1. Statistics Canada
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    • †The views expressed in this paper are personal and are not to be construed as reflecting those of Statistics Canada.


  • *I would like to express my gratitude to my colleagues in the Population Estimates and Projections Division of Statistics Canada for their helpful comments and suggestions on earlier versions of this paper. I am particularly indebted to Alex McMiUan for the assistance he provided me on statistical techniques, and to Anatole Romaniuk for his comments on the conceptual and methodological portions of the paper. Of course, 1 assume full responsibility for the paper's content.

Abstract

L'apport de l'immigration à l'accroissement de la population au Canada a souvent fait l'objet d'une attention toute particulière. Cependant, on est beaucoup moins bien renseigné sur l'impact qu'a pu avoir l'émigration, puisqu'il n'existe aucune donnée sur le nombre réel de personnes quittant le Canada. Cet exposé présente d'abord trois évaluations du nombre d'émigrants du Canada au cours de la période intercensitaire 1961–71, obtenues à partir de trois méthodes différentes, et on tente de déterminer quelle évaluation est la plus fiable. On montre que le processus d'élaboration des politiques canadiennes d'immigration se doit de tenir compte de l'émigration.

The contribution of immigration to Canada's population growth has received considerable analytical attention. However, much less is known about the impact which emigration has had on the nation's population growth, particularly since actual data are not available on the number of persons emigrating from Canada. This paper presents three different emigration estimates for Canada for the 1961–71 intercensal period derived from different estimation procedures, endeavours to determine which estimate is the most reliable one, and demonstrates the importance of considering emigration in the continuing reformulation of Canada's immigration policies.

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