Opposition to multiculturalism among Québécois and English-Canadians*

Authors


  • *The Quality of Life data were made available by the Institute for Behavioural Research at York University, Toronto, through the University of Waterloo Data Resource Centre. These data were produced by the Social Change in Canada Project, directed by T. Atkinson, B. Blishen, M. Ornstein and H.M. Stevenson of York University, and funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (Grant s75-o332). As usual, neither the original investigators nor the disseminating archives are responsible for our secondary analyses and interpretations. R.D. Lambert acknowledges leave fellowship support from the SSHRCC (Grant 451–790040) which provided time for the preparation of this paper. The University of Waterloo provided support in computer time. John Berry, Leo Driedger and anonymous readers for the Review offered helpful comments on an earlier draft of this paper.

Abstract

Ceci est le compte rendu d'une analyse de données déjà recueillies résultant d'une étude nationale sur la qualité de la vie (Quality of life study, 1977) qui compare les attitudes des Canadiens anglais et des Québécois face au multiculturalisme. Nous avons mis à l'épreuve 5 prédictions basées sur l'hypothèse de la classe ethnique; 4 se sont avérées sans fondement. La question du revenu par exemple, avail les mêmes types de rapports avec les attitudes multiculturelles chez les groupes des deux langues; et ces rapports n'étaient pas moins marqués parmi les Québécois, tel que prédit par l'hypothèse de la classe ethnique. Cependant l'attitude des Québécois a été plus négative envers les cultures minoritaires et la valeur de la contribution qu'apportent les immigrants à la société canadienne. Ils ont étéégalement plus enclins à l'idée de limiter l'immigration en général, et en particulier l'immigration des pays de langue anglaise et de l'Italie. D'autre part, les résultats ont démontré une plus grande opposition parmi les Canadiens anglophones aux immigrants venant de l'Inde, du Pakistan, et des Antilles. Nous terminons avec quelques observations sur les orientations différentielles face au multiculturalisme dans les deux communautés.

We report on a secondary analysis of national survey data (Quality of Life Study, 1977) comparing the multicultural attitudes of English-Canadians (N = 1593) and Québécois (N = 674). We tested five predictions based on the ethnic-class hypothesis and found no support for four of them. For example, income had similar types of relationships with multicultural attitudes in each language group; these relationships were not less marked among the Québécois, as predicted by the ethnic-class hypothesis. The Québécois were, however, more negative toward minority cultures and the value of immigrants' contributions to Canadian society. They were also more disposed to limit immigration in general, and more specifically, immigration from English-speaking nations and Italy. Set against these results were the findings of greater opposition among English-speaking Canadians to immigrants from India, Pakistan and the West Indies. We conclude with some observations on the alternative orientations to multiculturalism in the two communities.

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