Socioeconomic indices and sexual inequality: a tale of scales

Authors


  • *This research was funded by an SSHRCC Research Grant 410–81–0817 awarded to Monica Boyd and Hugh A. McRoberts. The author thanks Bernard R. Blishen who generously supplied the original unpublished education-income-occupation tabulations. Bonnie Shiell, Gail Eno, and Allan Gordon at various times were graduate student assistants on the project and their meticulous work is greatly appreciated. The author also thanks two CRSA reviewers and John Goyder, Alfred Hunter, Hugh A. McRoberts, John Myles, and Peter C. Pineo for their helpful comments on an earlier draft.

Abstract

Cet article présente un indice socio-économique des catégories du recensement de 1971; l'indice est basé sur les caractéristiques (revenu et éducation) de tous les membres de la force de travail - plutôt que sur celles des seuls hommes (l'échelle Blishen-McRoberts) ou des seules femmes (l'échelle Blishen-Carroll). Les propriétés de chaque indice sont éva-luées au moyen des données du recensement de 1971 et du Sondage Canadien sur la mobilité de 1973. Les résultats indiquent qu'un indice construit à partir de toute la force de travail est l'instrument à favoriser pour de futures comparaisons entre les statuts occupationnels des hommes et des femmes.

This paper develops a socioeconomic index of 1971 Census occupational titles which is based on the income and educational characteristics of all members of the labour force rather than on the characteristics only of men (the Blishen-McRoberts scale) or only of women (the Blishen-Carroll scale). The properties of the three indices are assessed with data from the 1971 Census and from the 1973 Canadian Mobility Survey. The results suggest that a socioeconomic index based on the entire labour force is the preferred index for future comparisons of male-female occupational attainments.

Ancillary