Research Notes/Notes de recherche

Authors

  • NEIL GUPPY,

    1. University of British Columbia
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    • *This research was supported by a SSHRCC research grant (482-84-0010). We would like to thank Steve Hart, Cathy Hluchy, and Diane Warriner for help in compiling data. Christine Jackson of Elections Canada has been of continuing assistance. Suggestions from Bob Brym, Jim Curtis, Martha Foschi, Ed Grabb, and two CRSA reviewers were very useful. Errors or omissions are our responsibility. This manuscript was received in July 1986 and accepted in November 1986.

  • SABRINA FREEMAN,

    1. University of British Columbia
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    • *This research was supported by a SSHRCC research grant (482-84-0010). We would like to thank Steve Hart, Cathy Hluchy, and Diane Warriner for help in compiling data. Christine Jackson of Elections Canada has been of continuing assistance. Suggestions from Bob Brym, Jim Curtis, Martha Foschi, Ed Grabb, and two CRSA reviewers were very useful. Errors or omissions are our responsibility. This manuscript was received in July 1986 and accepted in November 1986.

  • SHARI BUCHAN

    1. University of British Columbia
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    • *This research was supported by a SSHRCC research grant (482-84-0010). We would like to thank Steve Hart, Cathy Hluchy, and Diane Warriner for help in compiling data. Christine Jackson of Elections Canada has been of continuing assistance. Suggestions from Bob Brym, Jim Curtis, Martha Foschi, Ed Grabb, and two CRSA reviewers were very useful. Errors or omissions are our responsibility. This manuscript was received in July 1986 and accepted in November 1986.


Abstract

La representativite des politiciens Clus est un element important du processus electoral. Dans cet article, nous Pvaluons I'evolution au cours des deux derniPres decennies des profils professionnels des candidats, deputes et ministres de la Couronne au niveau federal de la politique canadienne. Nous utilisons les donnees des Rapports du Directeur general des elections, pour les elections de 1965 B 1984. Nous montrons que la representation la plus diversifiee des origines socio-Cconomiques se trouve au niveau des candidats, alors que les deputes ont tendance B provenir de groupes a statut professionel plus Cleve. Quant aux ministres de la Couronne, la tendance dominante demeure une appartenance aux secteurs professionnels.

This paper examines one central component of the electoral process - the representativeness of elected politicians. We assess changes over the last two decades in the prepolitical occupational backgrounds of candidates, members of Parliament (MPS), and Cabinet Ministers in Canadian federal politics. Using information from the Chief Electoral Office Reports for the elections between 1965 and 1984, we show that the broadest representation of socio-economic backgrounds occurs for candidates, while MPS have come increasingly from high status occupational backgrounds. For Cabinet Ministers, representation from professional fields remains overwhelming.

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