Violent heights in an Andean community of Southern Peru


  • *This article is a revised version of a paper read at the 1989 annual meeting of the Atlantic Association of Sociologists and Anthropologists held in Sydney, Nova Scotia. I am grateful to Marilyn Gates, Beverly Gartrell and Christopher Erickson for their comments on earlier drafts. Also, I am indebted to the International Development Research Center and to the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council for supporting my fieldwork in Peru. In 1983, I resided for four months in Llallahui, and re-visited the community in 1984 and 1986. This manuscript was received in December, 1989 and accepted in January, 1991.


Depuis quelques années, on peut observer que les régions amérindiennes des hautes terres du Pérou souffrent d'un nombre accru de meurtres. Cet article examine si la réforme agraire entreprise en 1969 ne serait pas en partie à l'origine de ce phénomène. Des données provenant de la communauté de Llallahui sont analysées afin d'examiner les conditions socio-économiques de la paysannerie andéenne et, à partir de cette analyse, des conclusions sur les effets politiques de ce genre de violence sont présentées.

In recent years, Peru's Andean regions are experiencing a high level of homicides. This paper examines whether there is a link between this type of rural violence and the implementation of the 1969 land reform. Data from the community of Llallahui are used to discuss the significance of such a phenomenon in terms of the socio-economic conditions which prevail in the region and of the place it holds in undermining peasants' organized political responses.