Changes from compliance to deterrence among federal fishery officers: an atypical case of regulatory policing?

Authors


  • *This article is derived from the author's doctoral dissertation. For that work, acknowledgements are given to Ralph Matthews, Michael Atkinson and Gerald Rosenbloom. This article benefited from the critical comments of Anthony Davis and three anonymous reviewers. Research funding was provided by the Institute of Social and Economic Research. Memorial University of Newfoundland, and the School of Graduate Studies, McMaster University. This manuscript was received in January 1991 and accepted in March, 1992.

Abstract

Les études portant Bur les fonctionnaires chargés de l'application des règlements indiquent que ces derniers préfèrent l'adhésion volontaire à la dissuasion. Les responsables de la pěche cǒtière à Terre-Neuve semblent représenter une anomalie à cet égard, car ils sont chargés de faire respecter la réglementation, mais ils recourent de moins en moins à la persuasion et de plus en plus à la dissuasion. Ce changement peut s'expliquer par le rǒle de l'État dans la restructuration de la pěche cǒtière au Canada. Le cas étudié montre que la distinction qu'on retrouve dans un grand nombre d'études socio-juridiques entre les responsables de la réglementation qui font de la persuasion et les corps policiers qui interviennent de fason dissuasive n'est pas acquise et mérite d'ětre reconsidérée.

Studies of regulatory officials have shown that there is a preference for compliance over deterrence in the regulatory process. However, fishery officers based in the Newfoundland inshore fishery appear to be an anomaly. While they are regulatory officials, their role has shifted from the use of compliance to the use of deterrence. This shift can be explained in terms of the role of the state in restructuring the inshore fisheries of Canada. Given this case, the common distinction between regulatory officials engaged in compliance and the public police engaged in deterrence, from the socio-legal literature, should not be taken for granted and needs to be re-examined.

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