Patronage, Moral Regulation and the Recruitment of Indian Affairs Personnel, 1879–1900

Authors


  • *The author would like to thank Kiran Bolaria and the staff at the University of Lethbridge Library for their assistance in the collection of data for this paper, and to acknowledge the helpful comments of anonymous reviewers. A revised version of this paper was presented at the 13th Biennial Conference of the Canadian Ethnic Studies Association, Gimli, Manitoba, Oct. 20–23,1995. This research forms part of a larger project on Indian Agents in Canada that is funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. The manuscript of this article was received in August 1995 and accepted in January 1996.

Abstract

En tirant parti du cas de l'expansion du Département des affaires indiennes pendant les deux dernières décennies du XIXe siècle, l'au-teur analyse la relation entre le népotisme politique et la régulation morale dans le processus de la formation de l'état. Le projet de népotisme politique et celui de la régulation morale ont tous deux joué un rôle central dans la nomination de candidate à des postes au sein du département. Pourtant, la pratique qui consistait à nommer le personnel selon leurs liens politiques, familiaux ou religieux allait parfois à l'encontre du projet de régulation morale. La situation conjugate, la compétence et les habiletés physiques ont contribuéà déterminer si ceux qui étaient nommés pour des raisons de népotisme ont pu garder leur poste au département pendant un certain temps.

Using the case of the expansion of the Department of Indian Affairs during the last two decades of the 19th century, this paper analyses the relationship between political patronage and moral regulation in the process of state formation. Both political patronage and the moral regulation project played central roles in determining who was appointed to positions in the Department. However, the practice of appointing personnel on the basis of their political, family or religious connections was at times antithetical to the moral regulation project of the Department of Indian Affairs. One's marital status, competence and physical abilities played roles in determining whether those appointed on the basis of patronage stayed employed in the Department for very long.

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