Individual- and Community-level Determinants of Support for Immigration and Cultural Diversity in Canada*


  • *We wish to acknowledge the essential contributions of Baha Abu-Laban, Tracey Derwing and Lori Wilkinson to the design of this study, and the valuable research assistance of personnel in the Prairie Centre of Excellence for Research on Immigration and Integration (PCERII) and the Population Research Laboratory (PRL), both at the University of Alberta. Funding for this study was provided by Citizenship and Immigration Canada {CIC). Indirect support, via funding for the PCERII, was also provided by CIC, as well as the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. This manuscript was first submitted in September 2004 and accepted in August 2005. Contact:;


Cet article examine, chez les particuliers et dans la collectivité, des déterminants d'appui à l'endroit de 1'immigration et de la diversité culturelle. L'analyse teste, au niveau des particuliers, des hypothèses inspirées par la théorie des ressources limitées, celle du contact et celle du progressisme liéà l'instruction; au niveau de la collectivité, elle tient compte des effets d'un certain nombre de variables. Rien n'étaie la théorie du contact ni celle des ressources limitées; en revanche, conformément à la théorie du progressisme liéà l'instruction, les Albertains plus instruits des villes s'avérent plus favorables à la diversité culturelle.

This paper examines individual- and community-level determinants of support for immigration and cultural diversity. The analysis tests individual-level hypotheses derived from scarce resources, contact and educational progressivism theories, and also considers the effects of a number of community-level variables. No support is found for contact or scarce resources theory but, in line with educational progressivism theory, more educated urban Albertans are shown to be more supportive of cultural diversity.