The unusual tetrahedral shape of Hydrurus foetidus (Vill.) Trev. zoospores is associated with a complex skeletal system of microtubules extending from a broad flagellar root (up to 19 microtubules) into each of three, pointed anterior processes. The posterior end, also pointed and supported by a separate set of microtubules, contains a single large chloroplast with a prominent posterior furrow containing mitochondrial elements. A large immersed pyrenoid is penetrated by paired thylakoids. There is no eyespot. Numerous large Golgi bodies occur immediately anterior to the nucleus and up to 5–6 contractile vacuoles lie near the cell surface at the anterior end. Two terminally inserted flagella extend from the cell surface, a long one serving for cell locomotion, and the other vestigial with an axonemal pattern of 9+0. The flagellar root system consists of: (1) a thin, striated rhizoplast extending from the basal body of the long flagellum and ramifying over the surface of a conspicuous, anteriorly directed, conical projection of the nucleus; (2) a broad microtubular root which emanates from near the basal body of the long flagellum and appears to function as a MTOC; (3) a compound root, consisting of a striated fiber and two associated microtubules, which runs alongside the basal body of the stubby flagellum before terminating at the cell surface; and (4) a short two-membered microtubular root, also associated with the basal body of the stubby flagellum. Other components of the flagellar apparatus include a large dense body near the proximal end of the basal body of the short flagellum, and a small, dense, core-like structure closely associated with one of its triplet fibers. The flagellar apparatus of H. foetidus is remarkably similar in ultrastructure to that of Chrysonebula holmesii Lund.