The influence of floral symmetry and pollination systems on flower size variation




We compared the amount of variation in flower size between autogamous and insect-pollinated species to examine the hypothesis that pollinator-mediated selection stabilizes flower size in plant populations. One would expect the flower size variation to be larger in selfing species that are less affected by pollinator-mediated stabilizing selection than in insect-pollinated species. The results of phylogenetic comparisons between autogamous and insect-pollinated flowers supported the pollinator-mediated stabilizing selection hypothesis, although the non-phylogenetic comparison did not. According to our results, we discuss the factors influencing the flower size variation.