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Two species of Camellia L. (Theaceae) are described here as new: C. curryana and C. longii. The new species were discovered in the southern Annamite Mountains of Vietnam and are endemic to tropical rainforest remnants that occur at altitudes between 1500 and 1700 m a.s.l. Camellia curryana possesses almost sessile, unevenly circular, two whorled, white-cream and proximally yellowish flowers, proximally joined outer stamens, three styles and mature fruit that dehisces into three parts, or longitudinally into two halves. Camellia longii has campanulate or almost campanulate, intensely dark orange to red flowers with uneven whitish margins, 5–6 petals and 3–2 petaloids, filaments that are united with the petals and one another, a diamond shaped ovary and compound 5–6 styles that are connate at the base.