Towards an Ontology of Cognitive Control
Version of Record online: 27 MAY 2010
Copyright © 2010 Cognitive Science Society, Inc.
Topics in Cognitive Science
Volume 2, Issue 4, pages 678–692, October 2010
How to Cite
Lenartowicz, A., Kalar, D. J., Congdon, E. and Poldrack, R. A. (2010), Towards an Ontology of Cognitive Control. Topics in Cognitive Science, 2: 678–692. doi: 10.1111/j.1756-8765.2010.01100.x
- Issue online: 27 MAY 2010
- Version of Record online: 27 MAY 2010
- Received 7 July 2009; received in revised form 16 February 2010; accepted 18 February 2010
- Cognitive control;
- Executive function;
- Working memory;
The goal of cognitive neuroscience is to map mental functions onto their neural substrates. We argue here that this goal requires a formal approach to the characterization of mental processes, and we present one such approach by using ontologies to describe cognitive processes and their relations. Using a classifier analysis of data from the BrainMap database, we examine the concept of “cognitive control” to determine whether the proposed component processes in this domain are mapped to independent neural systems. These results show that some subcomponents can be uniquely classified, whereas others cannot, suggesting that these different components may vary in their ontological reality. We relate these concepts to the broader emerging field of phenomics, which aims to characterize cognitive phenotypes on a global scale.