Pragmatic Choice in Conversation
Article first published online: 17 JAN 2012
Copyright © 2012 Cognitive Science Society, Inc.
Topics in Cognitive Science
Volume 4, Issue 1, pages 7–20, January 2012
How to Cite
Gibbs, R. W. and Van Orden, G. (2012), Pragmatic Choice in Conversation. Topics in Cognitive Science, 4: 7–20. doi: 10.1111/j.1756-8765.2011.01172.x
- Issue published online: 17 JAN 2012
- Article first published online: 17 JAN 2012
- Received 3 November 2010; received in revised form 14 January 2011; accepted 10 February 2011
- Dynamical systems;
How do people decide what to say in context? Many theories of pragmatics assume that people have specialized knowledge that drives them to utter certain words in different situations. But these theories are mostly unable to explain both the regularity and variability in people’s speech behaviors. Our purpose in this article is to advance a view of pragmatics based on complexity theory, which specifically explains the pragmatic choices speakers make in conversations. The concept of self-organized criticality sheds light on how a history of utterances and subtle details of a situation surrounding a conversation may directly specify language behavior. Under this view, pragmatic choice in discourse does not reflect the output of any dedicated pragmatic module but arises from a complex coordination or coupling between speakers and their varying communicative tasks.