Personality and the Happiness of Others: A Study among 13- to 15-Year-Old Adolescents


Leslie J Francis, Warwick Religions & Education Research Unit, Institute of Education, The University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK. Email:


This study was designed to assess the level of concern for the happiness of others among a sample of 13- to 15-year-old adolescents in England and Wales (N = 3,095) and to test the theory that concern for the happiness of others occupies a different psychological space (within Eysenck's three-dimensional model of personality) from the space occupied by personal happiness. The data demonstrated a high level of concern for the happiness of others, with 84 per cent of the adolescents saying that, “It is important to me to make other people happy”. While high levels of personal happiness are generally shown to be associated with low neuroticism and high extraversion (stable extraversion), these data demonstrated that high levels of concern for the happiness of others tend to be associated with high neuroticism, high extraversion, high social conformity, and low psychoticism.