Gratitude and Well-Being: Who Benefits the Most from a Gratitude Intervention?
Article first published online: 27 OCT 2011
© 2011 The Authors. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being © 2011 The International Association of Applied Psychology
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being
Volume 3, Issue 3, pages 350–369, November 2011
How to Cite
Rash, J. A., Matsuba, M. K. and Prkachin, K. M. (2011), Gratitude and Well-Being: Who Benefits the Most from a Gratitude Intervention?. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 3: 350–369. doi: 10.1111/j.1758-0854.2011.01058.x
- Issue published online: 2 NOV 2011
- Article first published online: 27 OCT 2011
- cardiac physiology;
- gratitude intervention;
- positive psychology;
Background: Theory and research have shown that gratitude interventions have positive outcomes on measures of well-being. Gratitude listing, behavioral expressions, and grateful contemplation are methods of inducing gratitude. While research has examined gratitude listing and behavioral expressions, no study has tested the long-term effects of a gratitude contemplation intervention on well-being. Methods: The present experiment examined the efficacy of a 4-week gratitude contemplation intervention program in improving well-being relative to a memorable events control condition. Pre-test measures of cardiac coherence, trait gratitude, and positive and negative affect were collected. Pre- and post-test measures assessing satisfaction with life and self-esteem were also collected. Daily positive and negative affect were completed twice a week throughout the intervention period. Results: Compared to those in the memorable events condition, participants in the gratitude condition reported higher satisfaction with life and self-esteem. Trait gratitude was found to moderate the effects of the gratitude intervention on satisfaction with life. Conclusion: Grateful contemplation can be used to enhance long-term well-being.